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Hypocrisy is a serious sickness and a great crime. It means making an outward display of Islam whilst inwardly concealing kufr. Hypocrisy is more dangerous than kufr (disbelief) and the punishment for it is more severe, because it is kufr mixed with Islam and its harmful effects are greater. Hence Allaah will put the hypocrites in the lowest level of Hell, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them[al-Nisaa' 4:145].
{ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุฑู’ูƒู ุงู„ุฃูŽุณู’ููŽู„ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู† ุชูŽุฌูุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽุตููŠุฑุงู‹}
Transliteration: 'Inna Al-Munฤfiqฤซna Fฤซ Ad-Darki Al-'Asfali Mina An-Nฤri Wa Lan Tajida Lahum NaลŸฤซrฤan

The hypocrites are always confused, always planning deceit and plots. Although outwardly they appear to be with the believers, inwardly they are with the kaafireen. So sometimes they are inclined towards the believers and sometimes they are inclined towards the kaafireen.
"(They are) swaying between this and that, belonging neither to these nor to those; and he whom Allaah sends astray, you will not find for him a way (to the truth - Islam)" [al-Nisaa' 4:143 - interpretation of the meaning].
{ู…ู‘ูุฐูŽุจู’ุฐูŽุจููŠู†ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽู€ุคูู„ุงุก ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽู€ุคูู„ุงุก ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูุถู’ู„ูู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ู ููŽู„ูŽู† ุชูŽุฌูุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽุจููŠู„ุงู‹}
Transliteration: Mudhabdhabฤซna Bayna Dhฤlika Lฤ 'Ilรก Hฤ'uulฤ' Wa Lฤ 'Ilรก Hฤ'uulฤ' Wa Man Yuฤ‘lili Allฤhu Falan Tajida Lahu Sabฤซlฤan

Because of the corruption of their hearts, the hypocrites are the most averse of mankind to the religion of Allaah, as Allaah tells us about them (interpretation of the meaning):
"And when it is said to them: 'Come to what Allaah has sent down and to the Messenger (Muhammad),' you (Muhammad) see the hypocrites turn away from you (Muhammad) with aversion" [al-Nisaa' 4:61].
{ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽูˆู’ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ูฐ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ู ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุตูุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ูƒูŽ ุตูุฏููˆุฏู‹ุง}
Transliteration: Wa 'Idhฤ Qฤซla Lahum Ta`ฤlaw 'Ilรก Mฤ 'Anzala Allฤhu Wa 'Ilรก Ar-Rasลซli Ra'ayta Al-Munฤfiqฤซna YaลŸuddลซna `Anka ลžudลซdฤan

The dealings of the hypocrites revolve around their own interests. When they meet the believers, they make a show of belief and loyalty, in order to deceive the believers and as an action of dissimulation, hoping for whatever good and war-booty they have. But when they meet their masters and chiefs, they say, we are with you in your shirk and kufr. Allaah says concerning them (interpretation of the meaning):
"And when they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe," but when they are alone with their Shayaateen (devils - polytheists, hypocrites), they say: "Truly, we are with you; verily, we were but mocking
Allaah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doing to wander blindly" [al-Baqarah 2:14-15].
{ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู‚ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุขู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุขู…ูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฎูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุดูŽูŠูŽุงุทููŠู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูŽุนูŽูƒู’ู…ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ุฒูุฆููˆู†ูŽ (14) ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ุฒูุฆู ุจูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูŽู…ูุฏู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุทูุบู’ูŠูŽุงู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู‡ููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa 'Idhฤ Laqลซ Al-Ladhฤซna 'ฤ€manลซ Qฤlลซ 'ฤ€mannฤ Wa 'Idhฤ Khalaw 'Ilรก Shayฤลฃฤซnihim Qฤlลซ 'Innฤ Ma`akum 'Innamฤ Naฤฅnu Mustahzi'ลซna, Allฤhu Yastahzi'u Bihim Wa Yamudduhum Fฤซ ลขughyฤnihim Ya`mahลซna

The hypocrites have many characteristics, the worst and most serious of which is disbelief in Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And when it is said to them (hypocrites): 'Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad, Al-Ansaar and Al-Muhaajiroon) have believed,' they say: 'Shall we believe as the fools have believed?' Verily, they are the fools, but they know not" [al-Baqarah 2:13].
{ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุขู…ูู†ููˆุงู’ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุขู…ูŽู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฃูŽู†ูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุขู…ูŽู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูููŽู‡ูŽุงุก ุฃูŽู„ุง ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูููŽู‡ูŽุงุก ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa 'Idhฤ Qฤซla Lahum 'ฤ€minลซ Kamฤ 'ฤ€mana An-Nฤsu Qฤlลซ 'Anu'uminu Kamฤ 'ฤ€mana As-Sufahฤ'u 'Alฤ 'Innahum Humu As-Sufahฤ'u Wa Lakin Lฤ Ya`lamลซna

Among their characteristics are enmity and envy (hasad) towards the believers, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"If good befalls you (O Muhammad), it grieves them, but if a calamity overtakes you, they say: 'We took our precaution beforehand' and they turn away rejoicing" [al-Tawbah 9:50].
{ุฅูู† ุชูุตูุจู’ูƒูŽ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽุฉูŒ ุชูŽุณูุคู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุชูุตูุจู’ูƒูŽ ู…ูุตููŠุจูŽุฉูŒ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุงู’ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐู’ู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูู† ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุชูŽูˆูŽู„ู‘ูŽูˆุงู’ ูˆู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽุฑูุญููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: 'In TuลŸibka ฤคasanatun Tasu'uhum Wa 'In TuลŸibka MuลŸฤซbatun Yaqลซlลซ Qad 'Akhadhnฤ 'Amranฤ Min Qablu Wa Yatawallaw Wa Hum Fariฤฅลซna

Among their characteristics is mockery of Allaah, His Messenger and His religion. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"If you ask them (about this), they declare: 'We were only talking idly and joking.' Say: 'Was it at Allaah, and His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking?'
Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed" [al-Tawbah 9:65-66].
{ูˆูŽู„ูŽุฆูู† ุณูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ุชูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ู‘ูŽุง ู†ูŽุฎููˆุถู ูˆูŽู†ูŽู„ู’ุนูŽุจู ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฃูŽุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ู ูˆูŽุขูŠูŽุงุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ูƒูู†ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุณู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ุฒูุฆููˆู†ูŽ (65) ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุนู’ุชูŽุฐูุฑููˆุงู’ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽููŽุฑู’ุชูู… ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ููƒูู…ู’}
Transliteration: Wa La'in Sa'altahum Layaqลซlunna 'Innamฤ Kunnฤ Nakhลซฤ‘u Wa Nal`abu Qul 'Abiฤlllahi Wa 'ฤ€yฤtihi Wa Rasลซlihi Kuntum Tastahzi'ลซna, Lฤ Ta`tadhirลซ Qad Kafartum Ba`da 'ฤชmฤnikum

Among their characteristics is that they spread corruption on earth, with disbelief, hypocrisy and sins. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And when it is said to them: 'Make not mischief on the earth,' they say: 'We are only peacemakers.'
Verily, they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not" [al-Baqarah 2:11-12].
{ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุชููู’ุณูุฏููˆุงู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู…ูุตู’ู„ูุญููˆู†ูŽ (11) ุฃูŽู„ุง ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ููู’ุณูุฏููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุดู’ุนูุฑููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa 'Idhฤ Qฤซla Lahum Lฤ Tufsidลซ Fฤซ Al-'Arฤ‘i Qฤlลซ 'Innamฤ Naฤฅnu MuลŸliฤฅลซna, 'Alฤ 'Innahum Humu Al-Mufsidลซna Wa Lakin Lฤ Yash`urลซna

Among their characteristics are slander and lies. Allaah tells us about them (interpretation of the meaning):
"They swear by Allaah that they are truly, of you while they are not of you, but they are a people (hypocrites) who are afraid (that you may kill them)" [al-Tawbah 9:56].
{ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญู’ู„ููููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽู…ูู†ูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู†ูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ูŒ ูŠูŽูู’ุฑูŽู‚ููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa Yaฤฅlifลซna Billฤhi 'Innahum Laminkum Wa Mฤ Hum Minkum Wa Lakinnahum Qawmun Yafraqลซna

Among their characteristics is that they enjoin what is evil and forbid what is good, and they are stingy with their wealth. Allaah says concerning them (interpretation of the meaning):
"The hypocrites, men and women, are one from another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands [from giving (spending in Allaah's Cause) alms]. They have forgotten Allaah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Faasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah)" [al-Tawbah 9:67].
{ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ูŽุงุชู ุจูŽุนู’ุถูู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู† ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ูŠูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูƒูŽุฑู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุฑููˆูู ูˆูŽูŠูŽู‚ู’ุจูุถููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุฏููŠูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽุณููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ู‡ูŽ ููŽู†ูŽุณููŠูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ููŽุงุณูู‚ููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Al-Munฤfiqลซna Wa Al-Munฤfiqฤtu Ba`ฤ‘uhum Min Ba`ฤ‘in Ya'murลซna Bil-Munkari Wa Yanhawna `Ani Al-Ma`rลซfi Wa Yaqbiฤ‘ลซna 'Aydiyahum Nasลซ Allฤha Fanasiyahum 'Inna Al-Munฤfiqฤซna Humu Al-Fฤsiqลซna

Among their characteristics are greed and avarice:
"And of them are some who accuse you (O Muhammad) in the matter of (the distribution of) the alms. If they are given part thereof, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof, behold! They are enraged![al-Tawbah 9: 58 - interpretation of the meaning].
{ูˆูŽู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูŽู† ูŠูŽู„ู’ู…ูุฒููƒูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุงุชู ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฃูุนู’ุทููˆุงู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุฑูŽุถููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุฅูู† ู„ู‘ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุทูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ู…ูู†ู‡ูŽุง ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุณู’ุฎูŽุทููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa Minhum Man Yalmizuka Fฤซ AลŸ-ลžadaqฤti Fa'in 'U`ลฃลซ Minhฤ Raฤ‘ลซ Wa 'In Lam Yu`ลฃaw Minhฤ 'Idhฤ Hum Yaskhaลฃลซna

Among their characteristics are those which were described by the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
ยซThere are four (characteristics), whoever has all of them is a complete hypocrite, and whoever has some of them has some element of hypocrisy, unless he gives it up: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a treaty, he betrays it; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; when he quarrels, he resorts to insultsยป [Narrated by Muslim, 53].

Among their characteristics is a concern with appearances and fancy speech whilst they are inwardly corrupt. Allaah says concerning them (interpretation of the meaning):
"And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allaah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right Path?" [al-Munaafiqoon 63:4].
{ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุชูุนู’ุฌูุจููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุฌู’ุณูŽุงู…ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฅูู† ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง ุชูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนู’ ู„ูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฎูุดูุจูŒ ู…ู‘ูุณูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฏูŽุฉูŒ ูŠูŽุญู’ุณูŽุจููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ุตูŽูŠู’ุญูŽุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ู ููŽุงุญู’ุฐูŽุฑู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽุงุชูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‰ ูŠูุคู’ููŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ}
Transliteration: Wa 'Idhฤ Ra'aytahum Tu`jibuka 'Ajsฤmuhum Wa 'In Yaqลซlลซ Tasma` Liqawlihim Ka'annahum Khushubun Musannadatun Yaฤฅsabลซna Kulla ลžayฤฅatin `Alayhim Hum Al-`Adลซwu Fฤฤฅdharhum Qฤtalahum Allฤhu 'Annaรก Yu'ufakลซna

If the kuffaar are obvious enemies from without, then the hypocrites are hidden enemies from within. They are more harmful and more dangerous to the Muslims, because they mix with them and know their situation. Allaah has decreed that the ultimate destiny of the kuffaar and hypocrites will be in Hell:

"Surely, Allaah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell"[al-Nisaa' 4:140 - interpretation of the meaning].
{ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุฌูŽุงู…ูุนู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุงููุฑููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุฌูŽู‡ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู‹ุง}
Transliteration: 'Inna Allฤha Jฤmi`u Al-Munฤfiqฤซna Wa Al-Kฤfirฤซna Fฤซ Jahannama Jamฤซ`ฤan

But because of the seriousness of the harm they cause, the hypocrites will be in the lowest level of Hell, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire" [al-Nisaa' 4:145].
{ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุฑู’ูƒู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุณู’ููŽู„ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู}
Transliteration: 'Inna Al-Munฤfiqฤซna Fฤซ Ad-Darki Al-'Asfali Mina An-Nฤri

Because the danger posed to the Muslim ummah by the kuffaar and hypocrites is so great, Allaah commanded His Messenger to strive against them:
"O Prophet (Muhammad)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be severe against them; their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination" [al-Tahreem 66:9 - interpretation of the meaning].
{ูŠูŽุง ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุฌูŽุงู‡ูุฏู ุงู„ู’ูƒููู‘ูŽุงุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ูŽุงููู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงุบู’ู„ูุธู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุฃู’ูˆูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ุฌูŽู‡ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ู ูˆูŽุจูุฆู’ุณูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุตููŠุฑู}
Transliteration: Yฤ 'Ayyuhฤ An-Nabฤซyu Jฤhidi Al-Kuffฤra Wa Al-Munฤfiqฤซna Wa Aghluลพ `Alayhim Wa Ma'wฤhum Jahannamu Wa Bi'sa Al-MaลŸฤซru

From Usool al-Deen al-Islami by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem al-Tuwayjri






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